Home :: School Counselors :: Careers/Roles

What Does a School Counselor Do?
Parents, administrators, teachers and students considering a career in school counseling often wonder just what it is school counselors do on a daily basis. Why do we need school counselors anyway? On a daily basis, school counselors are involved in character education, violence prevention, career planning and much more.

This section of ASCA's website contains a wealth of information on the roles of school counselors, how to become a school counselor, promoting your school counseling program, research on the effectiveness of school counseling and more.

Feel free to use any of these materials at back-to-school nights, faculty meetings, school board meetings, one-on-one parent meetings or any other time you want to share information about your roles and expertise with others. 

Roles, Duties and Competencies Student-to-Counselor Ratios
Although ASCA recommends a 250-to-1 ratio of students to school counselors, the national average is actually 430-to-1 for the 2018–2019 school year (the most recent year for which data is available). See how the individual states stack up (states alphabetically or states from lowest to highest ratio).

School Counseling Training
Looking to enter the school counseling field? There are hundreds of colleges and universities across the country with certificates, master's degrees, Ph.D., Ed.D. or PsyD programs in school counseling, counselor education or counseling psychology. Check out the programs.

Search for School Counseling Jobs
Looking to hire a school counselor or find a new school counseling job yourself? Look for job openings or post your job ads on the ASCA SCENE. (Nonmembers wishing to post a job opening on the SCENE can contact Angie Hickman.)