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School Counseling Effectiveness
Empirical Studies on the Effectiveness of School Counseling

Empirical Studies on the Effectiveness of School Counseling presents a number of journal articles describing research examining the impact of school counselors and school counseling programs on K-12 student outcomes. The research articles support the value of school counseling for students in the domains of academic development, college and career readiness and social/emotional development. All of the articles are data-based and drawn from national peer-reviewed journals. 

ASCA National Model Implementation and Appropriate School Counselor Ratios Promote More Informed College Decision-Making
Researchers found graduating 12th-graders attending schools with lower student-to-school-counselor ratios and more complete implementation of the ASCA National Model were more engaged in higher-quality college counseling learning activities. These activities helped students make more informed college decisions. Download infographic.

Measuring the Impact of School Counselor Ratios on Student Outcomes
A series of studies in three states (Indiana, Connecticut and New York) reveal the impact of school counselor ratios on student outcomes. Download infographic.

High School Students Career and College Readiness in RAMP vs. Non-RAMP School Counseling Programs in North Carolina
This study shows the differences in ACT scores, SAT scores, WorkKeys assessment scores and graduates’ ability to enroll and be successful in college-level coursework without remediation in RAMP-designated schools and the control group of schools. Download the infographic.

Guidance Counselors or School Counselors: How the Name of the Profession Influences Perceptions of Competence
An Ohio study showed a statistically significant difference in how school counselors are perceived based on the title used, with "guidance counselors" being perceived as less capable of fulfilling duties required of a school counselor. Download the infographic.

Fact Sheets
School Counselors Matter
Joint publication by ASCA, The Education Trust and Reach Higher

SCALE Research Center

The School Counseling Analysis, Leadership and Evaluation (SCALE) Research Center is an interactive tool focusing on the facilitation and dissemination of school counseling research evidence-based practices demonstrating the connection between comprehensive and developmental school counseling programs and student success.